There is no Federal law for sick leave. (To remedy that situation, the Healthy Families Act was introduced into both houses of Congress. The odds of it passing are slim to none.) In fact, ” The United States is the only advanced economy in the world that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation.”(No-Vacation Nation Revisited, 1.)
And as far as requiring paid sick leave, that is left up to state or local entities. Jersey City is one of the few cities to have a paid sick leave mandate – Earned Sick Time Ordinance; Newark also recently passed its own legislation, the eighth ordinance in the country. (Since that time, two more cities – Eugene and San Diego have passed paid sick leave laws.) Only Connecticut has passed a state-wide paid sick leave law. Campaigns are underway across the country at both local and state levels to push through this protection; here is the proposed legislation for New Jersey. and please peruse this very informative piece from NJ Spotlight: Does Paid Sick Leave Have Healthy Chance of Approval in New Jersey? For some statistics, please look at: Paid leave in private industry over the past 20 years from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.