Archive for Databases

Publishers Providing Free Access to Their Materials During COVID-19 Crisis

Publishers and aggregators are unlocking their previously subscription-based sites and making them accessible to all. Here is an initial listing of what is now available.

Additional sites include:

The American Psychological Association is allowing access to its publications manuals and other resources.

The Internet Archive presents the National Emergency Library containing over one million volumes freely available without waitlisting. These are primarily books with U.S. imprints for the 20th century.

JoVE, a database containing thousands of science videos, is now open.

JSTOR, while having an open access subset of materials, is in the process of expanding these offerings.

Library Journal offers free access to its content.

LibraryThing is now free!

Project Muse is opening up its offerings during this crisis.

RedShelf is offering up to seven free eBooks (really textbooks) from such major publishers as McGraw-Hill, Taylor and Francis, and Routledge.

Vital Source is providing hundreds of etexts for both students and faculty; NJCU is a participating institution.

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Earthquakes Caused by Human Activity

It’s bad enough when earthquakes occur naturally (and if you have lived though a bad temblor, you’ll know what I mean), but with various extraction industries boring into the earth and in certain cases injecting material, it is no wonder that humans now cause some earthquakes. The Human-Induced Earthquake Database, hosted by Dunham University (UK), presents an interactive map tracing these anthropogenic disturbances. Each incident report includes the year, the magnitude of the quake, the magnitude type, and what caused it in the first place.

This accepted manuscript for Earth-Science Reviews – Global review of human-induced earthquakes – presents the scientific scaffolding for this database. Other links of interest include: Risk of Human-Triggered Earthquakes Laid Out in Biggest-Ever Database (Scientific American); Induced Earthquakes (US Geological Survey); Injection Induced Earthquakes (Science); Induced Seismicity Potential in
Energy Technologies (National Academies Press); 2017 One-Year Seismic Hazard Forecast for the Central and Eastern United States from Induced and Natural Earthquakes (USGS); and Triggered Earthquakes (Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. N.B. This is from 1986 so this topic is not as new as some may believe; in fact, the bibliography attached to this piece has relevant references dating back to the 1940s.)

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JSTOR Announces Limited Free Reading from 1200 Journals

JSTOR has announced an expansion of its Register and Read program. For the cost of free registration, an individual may view (not print) three articles every two weeks from 1200 titles held by JSTOR. At the above link, you can register as well as peruse the list of 12oo journals available in this program.

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Searchable Database of New Jersey Attorneys

The New Jersey Judiciary has just released a database of the 80,000 lawyers certified to practice in New Jersey. The data includes the date of admission to practice in the state, current status, and county and municipality where offices are located. The listing includes private, government, and in-house counsels;  it is updated on a regular basis.

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What and Where Are The World’s Tallest Buildings?

The Skyscraper Center offers a wealth of information on these two queries, and more. There are pre-selected quick lists and facts on such topics as completed tallest buildings, proposed tallest buildings, demolished tallest buildings, number of “supertall” buildings, etc. In addition, you can create your own lists; for example, the United Arab Emirates has 440 tall buildings, among them the world’s tallest at 2717 feet – the Burj Khalifa. But there is so much more information:  each building has its own separate page containing  splendid photos, facts (official name, address, year started/completed), companies(contrators, owners, developers), figures (number of floors, elevators, parking spaces, hotel rooms, etc) as well as news articles, videos, and technical papers. Where does the United States rank? We come in with the 8th tallest building – the Willis Tower.  The Empire State Building is 18th, which is pretty remarkable given that all of the buildings ahead of it are decades newer. And Jersey City makes the list with 55 structures in various stages of development (vision, in progress, completed), headed by the completed 30 Hudson Street (aka Goldman Sachs Tower) at 781 feet.

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Open Access to Royal Society Publications

The Royal Society has announced that it has made its entire article archives open to the public. This allows researchers to review the Philosophical Transactions, the world’s first peer-reviewed journal, back to 1665. In addition, the Society’s Proceedings,  as well as its other titles, are now freely available. You can read articles by Fred Hoyle, Joseph Banks, Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton, Paul Dirac, Crick and Watson to name a few. Over 60,000 articles are available providing an historical glimpse into the development of science in the Western world. The search screen is found here. Enjoy!

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Earthquakes Past and Present

New Jersey is not immune to earthquakes as can be seen in this article from the Earthquake Information Bulletin; more information on this topic is here. For those who want to look for past as well as contemporary occurrences, please visit Earthquake Search from the US Geological Survey; depending on the region of the world you are interested in, the data go back thousands of years. The USGS also maintains the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) comprised of 7000 monitoring stations around the country. In addition, go to its publications warehouse (use the “advanced search” option to limit to online publications) to view hundreds of titles on this subject.  Infoplease carries dozens of entries on earthquakes as does encyclopedia.com while HowStuffWorks has a very informative presentation on earthquakes. The largest earthquake ever to hit this country was in fact a series of  major quakes extending over several months – the New Madrid Earthquake of 1811-1812. Emanating from New Madrid, Missouri, these quakes were so powerful that church bells rang in Boston and the Mississippi River temporarily reversed its flow. A great site for eyewitness accounts and well as newspaper reporting is found at the Center for Earthquake Research and Information. There’s certainly a “Whole lotta shakin’ goin’  on.”

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