Archive for History

150 Years of Hudson County History

As part of its 150th anniversary, The Jersey Journal issued a special supplement that contained articles and photographs highlighting the past century and a half of this county. Included are the most influential people, major landmarks, and the 25 most significant stories. More than a few of the pieces were co-authored by Patrick Shalhoub, our periodicals and government documents librarian and Carmela Karnoutsos, a retired NJCU history professor. These two are also responsible for the award-winning Jersey City Past and Present site; additional tomes on various New Jersey counties are here and here.

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Online Primary Sources for American History: Japanese Internment Camp Newspapers

Japanese-American Internment Camp Newspapers, 1942 to 1946 contains thousands of pages of locally printed newspapers from a variety of internment camps. For example, you can read about the establishment of schools from the June 2, 1942 issue of the Manzanar Free Press or the recruiting efforts for combat volunteers found in various publications. There are multiple ways of searching this unique collection, and it reminds us of what prejudice and fear can do to a country and its peoples.

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U.S. Nurses During World War I

When the United States entered the war in 1917, there were 403 active duty nurses in the Army; by June 1918, there were over 12,000 serving nurses (Highlights in the History of the Army Nurse Corps, 8). They operated at times under horrendous conditions, in many instances assuming the roles of physicians. One such example is found in A History of Base Hospital 32 in which overwhelmed medical officers could not provide the anesthetic work that was necessary, so nurses and orderlies were called in (141).

A fuller history of the Army Nurses Corps is found in volume 13, part 2 of the Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War. Also, please consult Answering the call : the U.S. Army Nurse Corps, 1917-1919 : a commemorative tribute to military nursing in World War I. Contemporary histories, letters, and postcards can be found here including the oft-referenced The training camp for nurses at Vassar College (more on this camp is here as well).

There can be no doubt that nurses were among the bravest of the brave: “…three received the Distinguished Service Cross, the Army’s second highest award; twenty-four were awarded the Distinguished Service Medal; sixty-nine received the British Royal Red Cross; twenty-eight were given the French Croix de Guerre; and two received the British Military Medal.” (Army Nurses of World War One: Service Beyond Expectations)

 

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“This Month in New Jersey History”

Sponsored by the Star Ledger, this monthly photo gallery highlights events and people that impacted New Jersey and, at times, the world.

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Today in History: The United States Enters World War 1

We have extensive entries on this conflict. We would be remiss if we did not include the following sources from the Foreign Relations of the United States series. Between 1928 and 1940, the State Department issued volumes of primary documents totaling thousands of pages; they are supplements for 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, and 1918 as well as the Lansing Papers, volume 1 and volume 2. (Robert Lansing was Secretary of State during this time.) A full listing of all relevant volumes from the FRUS is online.

 

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Online Primary Sources: Renaissance and Reformation

These are limited to English-language sources only:

The adventurous Simplicissimus : being the description of the life of a vagabond named Melchior Sternfels von Fechshaim (published in 1669, it was one of the most widely read novels in Germany during the 17th century. It deals with the Thirty Years’ War)

Catholic Encyclopedia (not a primary source but it does provide context; beware its age and bias; still usable, however)

Christian Classics Ethereal Library (hundreds of authors, thousands of works)

Gleanings of a few scattered ears during the period of the Reformation in England [microform] : and of the times immediately succeeding : A.D. 1533 to A.D. 1588

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Reformation Europe

Internet Medieval Sourcebook: Renaissance

A Literary Source-Book of the Renaissance

Luther’s correspondence and other contemporary letters

Memoirs of the life and writings of John Calvin; compiled from the narrative of Theodore Beza, and other authentic documents

Online Primary Sources: German History (coverage starts in 1500)

Online Primary Sources: Modern French History, 1500-1871

The Protestant Reformation (primary sources listed by author)

Readings in European history; a collection of extracts from the sources (especially vol. 2)

Renaissance Sites and Elizabethan Resources (Primary/secondary sources)

Testimony of the Reformers…. (English Reformation)

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Translations and reprints from the original sources of European history. Volumes 1-4; volumes 5-6

 

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Online Primary Sources: German History

German History in Documents and Images contains hundreds of translated German texts and excerpts along with images, maps, and essays written by distinguished scholars. The time period covered is from 1500 until 2010 or thereabouts. A great repository of important writings for those not versed in German.

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