Archive for Health/Nursing

Looks Like Eating Pasta Is Healthy For You

Worried about weight gain while indulging in one of your favorite foods? You may not have to fret about that at all if you go along with the conclusions contained in this article – Effect of pasta in the context of low-glycaemic index dietary patterns on body weight and markers of adiposity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials in adults.  Finisci di mangiare!

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How Autism Is Treated in Great Britain and the EU

This House of Commons Library Briefing paper – Autism – overview of UK policy and services – provides a concise exploration of what is available for autistic individuals. Laws and legislation are discussed and these legal documents in turn inform the health, education, employment, welfare and benefits sectors and how they deal with this condition.

Autism Europe provides news and information pertaining to this topic throughout the EU; you can access the important Charter for Persons with Autism at this site.

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2018 Hudson County Health Rankings

Find out in this 2018 edition just where Hudson County ranks as far as health indicators are concerned. Also, every other county’s health statistics are also available here along with state rankings. It is recommended that the key findings report be perused.

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“Gun Violence Research” Archives from the “American Journal of Public Health” Now Freely Available

This extensive selection of articles, editorial, and additional important links has been opened by The American Journal of Public Health. The writings make for a sobering read and are a very valuable contribution to the current conversation.

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School Violence: Some Relevant Readings

 

This 2017 NCES report – Crime, Violence, Discipline, and Safety in U.S. Public Schools: Findings From the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2015-2016 – belongs in our conversations.

Other recent writings of import include:

Frequency of Guns in the Households of High School Seniors (Journal of School Health)that concludes “Whereas we cannot determine gun types or reasons for having a gun, this research indicates that high school seniors are aware of and may have access to guns for use other than their intended purpose. Household gun ownership among students at higher risk for violence may pose safety challenges for communities and schools.”

Handgun waiting periods reduce gun deaths (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)

The burden of firearm violence in the United States: stricter laws result in safer states (Journal of Injury & Violence Research)

Academic Public Health and the Firearm Crisis: An Agenda for Action (American Journal of Public Health) that states: “The unexpected election of Donald Trump to the US presidency has changed the national conversation on firearms. Trump was a clear supporter of gun rights throughout the presidential campaign and has widely claimed support from the gun lobby as a core part of his appeal; the gun lobby spent more than $30 million on the campaign. These developments portend challenges to advancing gun policy at the federal level in the next four years, if not longer.”

Gun ownership and social gun culture (Injury Prevention) opens with this statement: “Firearm violence in the USA continues to be a major public health concern.”

This article – Trends in research publications about gun violence in the United States, 1960 to 2014  (JAMA Internal Medicine) –  addresses the dearth of federal research on this topic. It is an important read. This should be read in conjunction with Gun violence research: History of the federal funding freeze (APA. Psychological Science Agenda)

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Driving While Drowsy

Prevalence of Drowsy-Driving Crashes: Estimates from a Large-Scale Naturalistic Driving Study from the AAA shows that drowsy driving accounts for 10% of all auto accidents; this is a much higher percentage than previous studies estimated. The most recent statistics can be found at this NHTSA site; Drowsy Driving: Asleep at the Wheel from the CDC offers additional data/information. Perusing the American Academy of Sleep Medicine’s position statement – Confronting Drowsy Driving: The American Academy of Sleep Medicine Perspective – would prove of salutary benefit as well. In addition, reviewing these dozens of medical articles on this topic couldn’t hurt either.

In reading this literature, you will come across this term or a close variant of it – “naturalistic driving”; an explanation of this new procedure for recording driver behavior is found here.

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A Step Closer to Eliminating Cancer?

Very favorable results in mice studies have prompted researchers to begin human trials. The very recent article detailing the work involved is here; many of the included references are also available full text.

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