Archive for Health/Nursing

Lancet Commissions

Lancet Commissions are study groups composed of medical practitioners, policy makers, and other stakeholders brought together to examine certain topical problems. Each commission analyzes the problem and gives its recommendations on remediation. Subjects have ranged to AIDS to healthy cities. The reports are buttressed with supporting documents and audio; they act as a very convenient way to keep abreast of current interests in the medical field and are presented in accessible language.

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Air and Water Pollution Cause Millions of Deaths Every Year

According to the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health, “Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today. Diseases caused by pollution were responsible for an estimated 9 million premature deaths in 2015—16% of all deaths worldwide—three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and 15 times more than from all wars and other forms of violence.” (Summary) This report examines the causes of the problems and makes recommendations on remediation. Numerous references and graphics supplement this work; related articles are also indicated. (Free registration is required.)

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Americans Fatter Than Ever

Fully 40% of American adults and 19% of American youth are now classified as obese according to this report – Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth: United States, 2015–2016 issued from the CDC. These numbers are record highs. More information can be garnered as the Overweight & Obesity site of the CDC.

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Books/Reports on Disaster Management

Recent events have certainly focused our attention on disasters and how we respond to them. To help provide guidance, the National Academies of Science have issued a topical list of freely accessible publications entitled Emergency Preparedness / Disaster Management Collection. Ranging from workshop reports on public health research during disasters to toolkits for crisis care standards, these timely documents will inform all first responders and other engaged populations of the necessary procedures to effectuate optimal measures in the provision of needed services.

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NCAA and the Well-Being of Student Athletes

NJCU sponsored an extremely informative talk today by Dr. Brian Hainline, the NCAA’s chief medical officer, on the trends, data, and best practices that should be employed when dealing with the physical, emotional, and psychological aspects of student-athletes who are  ambassadors from our university to the outside world. Here are some relevant links:

The Sports Science Institute of the NCAA, headed by Dr. Hainline, has many publications exploring the intersections of science, medicine, and sports.

This key article contains many of the points Dr. Hainline stressed in his presentation – A National Study on the Effects of Concussion in Collegiate Athletes and US Military Service Academy Members: The NCAA–DoD Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium Structure and Methods

PubMed Central contains almost 300 full-text articles on “ncaa medicine“; these articles are from only 2016-17! A search on “concussion sports” yields almost 600 full-text articles for the same time period.

The CARE Consortium “… endeavors to provide necessary infrastructure and scientific expertise to study concussion.” Please check its “Resources” and “Publications” tabs.

Here is a YouTube video of Dr Hainline discussing concussion and college sports; here is another one of him explaining what symptoms athletic officials should look for if they suspect a concussion.

The HEADS UP site from the CDC contains a plethora of useful information along with a credit-bearing training video for clinicians. Publications, reports, and fact sheets are here.

Please come here for the hundreds of bills and reports from Congress dealing with concussion.

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Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Statistics for the United States

Two major reports, along with additional data, on these topics have just been released by the Census Bureau. The information contained therein reflects 2016 national statistics. Overall the reports show a modest rise in median income to its highest level since 1999 and a fall in both poverty and those not covered by health insurance. A plethora of facts and charts are available in these annual releases.

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How To View Solar Eclipses Safely

In case you do not know, there will be a rare total solar eclipse on Monday, August 21. (Come here to find data on previous, and future, occurrences.) DO NOT LOOK DIRECTLY AT THE ECLIPSE. Follow these recommendations from NASA. You can view a live feed of this celestial phenomenon here.

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