Archive for Reports

National Security Reports – November 2020 Update

Biden may have trouble unearthing Trump’s national security secrets (Politico); Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response (NAP); President Trump’s Executive Orders on Critical Infrastructure(National Security Archive);  A Researcher’s Guide to Some Legal Risks of Security Research (CyberLaw Clinic); Chief of Space Operations Planning Guidance; Reducing Nuclear Risks:
An Urgent Agenda for 2021 and Beyond
(Nuclear Threat Initiative); Repairing the World (Foreign Affairs); What is forensic science? (BBC); Agency Review Teams (Biden-Harris Transition); 5G Cybersecurity Project (NIST); In Break From Trump, Biden Opts for Experience, Expertise for Top National Security Jobs (Foreign Policy); US national security policy in the 117th Congress and a new administration (The Hill); and Why America Must Lead Again (President-elect Joe Biden, Foreign Affairs).

Presidential Transition Act: Provisions and Funding; Status of U.S.-Russian Nuclear Arms Control Talks; China’s 14th Five-Year Plan: A First Look; Emerging Military Technologies: Background and Issues for Congress; Hypersonic Weapons: Background and Issues for Congress; Department of Defense Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems; China’s Engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean; and Defense Primer: Geography, Strategy, and U.S. Force Design (all CRS).

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National Security Reports – October 2020 Update

China Deep Dive: A Report on the Intelligence
Community’s Capabilities and Competencies with Respect to
the People’s Republic of China
(redacted executive summary, House Intelligence Committee); Mail-In Voter Fraud: Anatomy of a Disinformation Campaign, 2020 (Harvard); Collection and Use of Biometrics by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (proposed rule, ICE); White Supremacist Infiltration of Law Enforcement (first unredacted release of this influential and still valuable 2006 FBI report); Presidential Control of Elections (Vanderbilt Law Review); Foreign Actors Likely to Use Online Journals to Spread Disinformation Regarding 2020 Elections (FBI and CISA); Homeland Threat Assessment (DHS, a must read); and From Consensus to Conflict: Understanding Foreign Measures Targeting U.S. Elections (RAND).

TikTok: Technology Overview and Issues; The Fundamentals of Military Readiness; FEMA Pre-Disaster Mitigation: The Building Resilient Communities and Infrastructure (BRIC) Program; and U.S. Role in the World: Background and Issues for Congress (important read especially for the up-to-date “additional writings” section that runs to thirty pages or more but does not contain links to the pieces, updated October 1, 2020);

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National Security Reports – September 2020 Update

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National Security Reports – August 2020 Update

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National Security Reports – July 2020 Update

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National Security Reports – June 2020 Update

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National Security Reports – May 2020 Update

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National Security Reports – April 2020 Update

The Cost of Doing Nothing: Maritime Infrastructure Vulnerabilities in an Emerging Arctic (House Hearing); Review of the Intelligence Community Assessment [This is the fourth volume of the Senate Intelligence Committee report on Russian interference in the 2016 election; the other three volumes dealt with U.S. election securityRussia’s use of social media, and the Obama Administration’s response to Russian interference. The final volume will be released at a later date]; The COVID-19 Crisis and Its Implication for Global Stability (Harvard); Defense Support of Civil Authorities (US Army Manual); Ready or not: protecting the public’s health from diseases, disasters and bioterrorism : 2019 (Trust for America’s Health); Selecting and Safely Using Collaboration Service for Telework (NSA); Impact of COVID-19 on Remote Work and Distance Education (Absolute); Telework Best Practices (NSA); The northern northern border : Homeland Security priorities in the Arctic (House Hearing); and The legacy of American naval power : reinvigorating maritime strategic thought : an anthology (History Division, US Marine Corps).

Iran’s Nuclear Program: Tehran’s Compliance with International Obligations; Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19): Q&A on Global Implications and Responses; Low Oil Prices: Prospects for Global Oil Market Balance ; Defense Primer: A Guide for New Members; U.S. Military Electronic Warfare Program Funding: Background and Issues for Congress;COVID-19: Selected Public Water Service Issues; Fintech: Overview of Innovative Financial Technology and Selected Policy Issues; Transatlantic Relations: U.S. Interests and Key Issues; and U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues (all CRS).

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2020 State of America’s Libraries Report

Highlighting the social uses and the overwhelming public approval of libraries, this latest iteration showcases the value and services that these institutions provide both in good times and bad. As libraries during the COVID-19 crisis have migrated to a totally online environment providing reference services, story hours, music recitals, and library instruction all employing various social media resources, they once again prove their resilience and worth.

The issues and trends section presents cogent overviews on such diverse but important topics as book censorship (including the ten most challenged books), net neutrality, assistive technology, and diversity and inclusion. All the essays are replete with informative links.

Academic libraries are seen as key players in student success, retention rates, time to graduation, and grade point average. Additional metrics point to the importance of academic libraries at all levels of study.

For those who appreciate libraries, this report reinforces that opinion; for those who do not see the intrinsic benefit of libraries in a digital world, this document might counter that supposition.



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Think Tank Reports on COVID-19

Since this crisis is worldwide, it is a good idea to see what mostly non-U.S. think tanks are writing about COVID-19. The ever-reliable European Parliament Research Service has compiled such a list.

Another great place to drop in on is the UK Parliament Library Research Briefings; numerous reports on COVID-19 are to be found there.

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National Security Reports – March 2020 Update

DoD networks face severe strains from telework (C4ISRNET); A Separate Space: Creating a Military Service for Space (RAND); Cyberspace Solarium Commission Report; and NIST Draft Special Publication (SP) 800-53 Revision 5, Security and Privacy Controls for Information Systems and Organizations.

Some Relevant Reports on COVID-19:

Infectious Disease Threats in the Twenty-First Century: Strengthening the Global Response (Frontiers in Immunology, March 2019); EMS Infectious Disease Playbook (HHS, 2017); Frontline Hospital Playbook: Special Pathogens (HHS, 2018);  Playbook for Early Response to High-Consequence Emerging Infectious Disease Threats and Biological Incidents (NSC, 2016. Embedded in this article from Politico.); Here’s how the military could help treat and contain the coronavirus pandemic (Military Times); COVID-19: Cybercrime Opportunities and Law Enforcement Response; Global Economic Effects of COVID-19: In Brief (both CRS). Coronavirus (COVID-19)(DHS); Identifying Critical Infrastructure during COVID-19 (DHS, includes sector-specific plans); and Food Safety and the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) (FDA).

U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Background and Issues for Congress; Coast Guard Polar Security Cutter (Polar Icebreaker) Program: Background and Issues for Congress; Iran’s Nuclear Program: Tehran’s Compliance with International Obligations;Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2020 Budget and Appropriations; Qatar: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy; U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress; Latin America and the Caribbean: U.S. Policy and Issues in the 116th Congress; North Korea: Legislative Basis for U.S. Economic Sanctions; NATO: Key Issues Following the 2019 Leaders’ Meeting; Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer; Hypersonic Weapons: Background and Issues for Congress;and Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1961-FY2020 (all CRS).

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National Security Reports – February 2020 Update

Third Annual State of Cyber Resilience Report (Accenture); Identifying the Culprit: Assessing Eyewitness Identification (NAP); Key Practices in Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management (NIST); Advancing Cyber Resilience in Aviation: An Industry Analysis (WEF); The Global Race for Technological Security – Discover the Security Implications (Brookings); National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States of America, 2020-2022(ODNI); North Korean Malicious Cyber Activities (DHS); 2019 Internet Crime Report (FBI); Forensic Handwriting Examination and Human Factors: Improving the Practice Through a Systems Approach (NIST); China’s Military Power Projections and U.S. National Interests (U.S. – China Economic and Security Review Commission); and New Jersey 2020 Terrorism Threat Assessment (NJOHSP).

National Security Space Launch; Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense—Issues for Congress; Precision-Guided Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress; FY2020 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues ;U.S. Role in the World: Background and Issues for Congress (new version with updated changes; Bahrain: Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy ;FY2021 Defense Budget Request: An Overview ; Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations ; Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic Missiles: Background and Issues ; Recent Developments in the Russia-Ukraine Conflict; Defense Primer: A Guide for New Members (links to all current primers) ; and Illicit Drug Smuggling Between Ports of Entry and Border Barriers (all CRS).


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2020 New Jersey Terrorism Threat Assessment

This just-released document presents an environmental scan on the various extremist groups, both right wing and left wing, that are identified as operating in New Jersey. Sections range from HVE (homegrown violent extremists – a high threat in New Jersey) to matters pertaining to cybersecurity (a moderate threat to New Jersey that saw more than 50 ransomware attacks). A timeline of incidents in New Jersey, definitions of terrorsist-related terms, and a linked list of pertinent reports generated by the New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness only add to the utility of this report.

A podcast overview can also be consulted; it is part of a series of podcasts labeled Intelligence. Unclassified  that have now spanned five years. Very informative.

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National Security Reports – January 2020 Update

A Bigger Foreign Policy Mess Than Anyone Predicted (The Atlantic); AI Governance (an ongoing series from Brookings); Top Risks for 2020 (Eurasia Group);  Guide to Posted Documents Regarding Use of National Security Authorities(ODNI); Securing the Industrial Internet of Things (National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence); Face Recognition Vendor Test (FRVT) Part 3: Demographic Effects (National Institute of Standards and Technology); Recommendations for IoT Device Manufacturers (NIST); NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework (NICE); Foresight Africa:Top Priorites for the Continent 2020-2030(Brookings); Strengthening Post-Hurricane Supply Chain Resilience (NAP); What now for the Iran nuclear deal? (UK Parliament Library); Implications of the Use of Drones following the Assassination of Qasem Soleimani (UK Parliament Library); DOD’s Role in Competing with China (Hearing, House Armed Services Committee); Deterring Attacks Against the Power Grid: Two Approaches for the U.S. Department of Defense (RAND); 2019 National Preparedness Report (FEMA); NIST Privacy Framework: A Tool for Improving Privacy through Enterprise Risk Management; Examining the Social Organization Practices of Cybercriminals in the Netherlands Online and Offline (International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology); Office of Management and Budget—Withholding of Ukraine Security Assistance (GAO); Political Risk Outlook 2020 (Verisk Maplecroft); Crippling the capacity of the National Security Council (FixGov); Global Risks Report 2020 (World Economic Forum); Far Right and Islamist Radicalisation in an Age of Austerity: A Review of Sociological Trends and Implications for Policy; United States Nuclear Forces, 2020 (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists); Identifying Law Enforcement Needs for Conducting Criminal Investigations Involving Evidence on the Dark Web (via Rand); Suicide Bombings Worldwide in 2019: Signs of Decline following the Military Defeat of the Islamic State (INSS); EPA Can Improve Incident Readiness with Better Management of Homeland Security and Emergency Response Equipment (OIG/EPA); World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers 2019 (State Dept.).

Campaign and Election Security Policy: Overview and Recent Developments for Congress; Iranian Offensive Cyberattack Capabilities;U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues; Iran Sanctions; Oman: Politics, Security, and U.S. Policy; China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities—Background and Issues for Congress; The Washington Post’s “Afghanistan Papers” and U.S. Policy: Main Points and Possible Questions for Congress; Kosovo: In Brief; U.S. Killing of Qasem Soleimani: Frequently Asked Questions; and Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: FY2020.

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National Security Reports – December 2019 Update

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National Security Reports – November 2019 Update

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Recent Climate Change Reports

One Disaster Away (Center for Public Integrity) is a report series that will do deep dives into the four states most adversely affected by climate change, and how these states were instrumental in de-fanging the Obama-era Clean Power Plan; Ten Facts about the Economics of Climate Change and Climate Policy (from the Hamilton Project and Stanford University) investigates how climate change can have a deleterious effect on economic growth; Sea-level rise could flood hundreds of millions more than expected (MIT Technology Review); and Climate Change and Ecosystems (National Academies Press).

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National Security Reports – October 2019 Update

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“The Future of Nursing 2020-2030”

In 2010, a landmark study, actually a call to action, was published by the then Institute of Medicine, now subsumed under the National Academies umbrella – The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health – that advocated for a more involved nursing corps at all levels, propounded that nurses assume leadership roles in healthcare organizations, promoted the need for a better educated nurses, and supported the call for a more diverse practitioner base.

Many programs/processes/procedures were initiated in response to this study. Where do we stand now? This 2019 examination of the nursing field and what progress has been achieved in light of the recommendations put forth by the above document presents a glass-half-full scenario. There have been positive steps but more than a few goals that were supposed to be reached in 2020 will fall short.

The Future of Nursing 2020-2030, a consensus study under the auspices of the National Academy of Medicine, is now underway with the goals of  garnering”… insights on how to advance the profession of nursing to help our nation create a culture of health, reduce health disparities, and improve the health and well-being of the U.S. population in the 21st century. Each meeting featured panel discussions around a specific topic, followed by time for public comments.” The above link leads to video presentations of the town hall meetings as well as live Twitter channels.

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National Security Reports – September 2019 Update

Beyond Compliance: Cyber Threats and Health Care (FireEye); Public Document Clearinghouse: Congressional Russia Investigations (Just Security); NCHRP Research Report 930: Security 101: A Physical and Cybersecurity Primer for Transportation Agencies (National Academies Press); Disinformation and the 2020 Election (NYU); Are Spies More Trouble Than They Are Worth? (The New Yorker); Policing in the UK (UK Parliament Library); Computer Security Resource Center (NIST); Hostile Social Manipulation: Present Realities and Emerging Trends (RAND); U.S. Election Commission Cyber Hygiene Report (NormShield); Global Terrorism: Threat to the Homeland (House Committee on Homeland Security); Securing the Nation’s Internet Architecture (House Armed Services Committee); Another summer of flooding should be a wake-up call to redesign our communities (Brookings); Filling the Gap in Our Terrorism Statutes ;
(George Washington University); Other Travelers: American Jihadists Beyond Syria and Iraq (George Washington University);Surveying the Landscape of the American Far Right
(George Washington University); and Coordinated Strategic Plan to Advance Desalination for Enhanced Water Security(NIST).

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress; U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas: Background and Issues for Congress (major report); DHS Border Barrier Funding; U.S. – China Relations; Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons; Congress and the War in Yemen: Oversight and Legislation 2015-2019; and Defense Primer: Geography, Strategy, and U.S. Force Design(all CRS).


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