Archive for Reports

Teens Growing Up More Slowly Than Their Parents Did

That is the main conclusion from this study – The Decline in Adult Activities Among U.S. Adolescents, 1976–2016 from the journal Child Development. Using seven time-lag surveys, the researchers found that “In recent years, fewer adolescents engaged in activities rarely performed by children and often performed by adults, such as working, driving, going out, dating, having sex, and drinking alcohol….” There are significant declines in these adult behaviors, especially beginning with 2000. Tables, figures, and references round out this important report.

Advertisements

Leave a Comment

The Federal Government and Disaster Response

These CRS reports, gathered by Steven Aftergood of Secrecy News fame, provide guidance and insight:

Hurricane Harvey and Army Corps: Background for Flood Response and Recovery, CRS Insight, August 29, 2017

Oil and Chemical Spills: Federal Emergency Response Framework, August 29, 2017

Introduction to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), July 25, 2017

Federal Disaster Assistance Response and Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries, July 18, 2017

Private Flood Insurance in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), CRS Insight June 2, 2017

Federal Disaster Assistance: The National Flood Insurance Program and Other Federal Disaster Assistance Programs Available to Individuals and Households After a Flood, April 6, 2017

Major Disaster Assistance from the Disaster Relief Fund: State Profiles, March 29, 2017

Dam Safety: Federal Programs and Authorities, CRS In Focus, February 23, 2017

FEMA Disaster Housing: The Individuals and Households Program–Implementation and Potential Issues for Congress, September 2, 2016

Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies, May 19, 2015

Deployable Federal Assets Supporting Domestic Disaster Response Operations: Summary and Considerations for Congress, May 13, 2015

FEMA’s Disaster Declaration Process: A Primer, November 12, 2014

FEMA’s Disaster Relief Fund: Overview and Selected Issues, May 7, 2014

FEMA Disaster Cost-Shares: Evolution and Analysis, April 4, 2013

FY2013 Supplemental Funding for Disaster Relief, February 19, 2013

Federal Involvement in Flood Response and Flood Infrastructure Repair: Storm Sandy Recovery, October 31, 2012

 

 

 

Leave a Comment

National Security Reports – August 2017 Update

Leave a Comment

What Is Causing the Recent U.S. Navy Collisions?

Maybe this article from the Navy Times has the answer – Maybe today’s Navy is just not good at driving ships. This is further supported by a series of three articles published in Proceedings Today: Collisions: Part I – What Are the Root Causes?; Collisions: Part II – Operational Pause; and Collisions: Part III – Maintenance.

Required reading is the oft-cited 2010 Report of the Fleet Review Panel on Surface Force Readiness as chaired by retired Vice Admiral Philip Balisle.

Another important document is this 2010 GAO report – Navy Needs to Reassess Its Metrics and Assumptions for Ship Crewing Requirements and Training as is this 2017 report – Navy Readiness: Actions Needed to Maintain Viable Surge Sealift and Combat Logistics Fleets. Other GAO investigations on the Navy can be found here.

Numerous Congressional hearings on fleet readiness are also available online.

One should peruse this 2017 CRS report – Defining Readiness: Background and Issues for Congress

Leave a Comment

“Global Trends in Terrorism: 1970-2016”

This major study by Anthony Cordesman of the Center for Strategic & International Studies, after accounting for discrepancies in data sources, states:

“As for the data presented, the figures and graphs for 1970-2016 do reflect several broad trends that are undoubtedly real and accurate. They show a major shift from a more broadly distributed pattern of global terrorism to one driven by Islamic extremism and internal instability in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa, with a sharp rise beginning in the mid-2000s and becoming a key threat in these regions after 2011.” (9-10)

While this report does not specifically address domestic terrorism in the United States by utilizing that term, it does present troubling figures on the occurrence of hate crimes. (pp.65-68)

The report is buttressed by numerous graphs and charts and ends with an illuminating section on Sources, Analytic Cautions and Challenges.

 

Leave a Comment

Full Text of Study Highlighting Hostile Workplace Environments

My rule of thumb is that whenever you hear about reports, studies, papers, surveys, etc, always try to get your hands on the original copy. Why trust secondhand sources? The title is Working Conditions in the United States: Results of the 2015 American Working Conditions Survey published by the RAND Corporation. Some of the key findings:

  • The clear majority of Americans (eight out of ten) have steady and predictable work throughout the year, but many fewer work the same number of hours on a day-to-day basis (54 percent).
  • Nearly three-fourths of Americans report either intense or repetitive physical exertion on the job at least one-quarter of the time.
  • More than one-half of Americans report exposure to unpleasant and potentially hazardous working conditions.
  • Nearly one in five American workers are exposed to a hostile or threatening social environment at work.
  • Most Americans (two-thirds) frequently work at high speeds or under tight deadlines, and one in four perceives that they have too little time to do their job

 

Leave a Comment

Climate Change Is Already Affecting Us

The Climate Science Special Report (CSSR) states that “Evidence for a changing climate abound, from the top of the atmosphere to the depths of the oceans. Thousands of studies by tens of thousands of scientists around the world have documented changes….Many lines of evidence demonstrate that human activities…are primarily responsible for recent observed climate changes.”(11) Past, present and future impacts on the United States and the world are found on pp.13-14.

This version of the document is its third draft; the fifth draft, fundamentally unchanged from its predecessor, is at the White House, waiting approval for release. A review of this report was undertaken by the National Academies of Sciences that found “The Committee agrees that the draft CSSR is largely accurate and generally represents the breadth of available literature pertaining to the state of the science at the time of writing, with the exception of some specific topic areas detailed in this report.”(5) The CSSR is part of the fourth iteration of the National Climate Assessment, a Congressionally mandated review of climate due out every four years, the next to be delivered in late 2018.

In a related development, The Guardian has just published a series of emails detailing how the term “weather extremes” is to be used rather than “climate change” within parts of the Department of Agriculture. Other euphemisms are also indicated. This follows a similar pattern at the EPA.

Leave a Comment

Older Posts »