National Security Reports – June 2019 Update

Cyber Readiness Institute; Encryption Working Group (Carnegie Endowment); Quantum gate teleportation between separated zones of a trapped-ion processor (preprint; published in Science; here is a press release on this); EU defence: where is it heading? (UK Parliament Library); DOD Needs to Assess Risk and Provide Guidance on Use of Climate Projections in Installation Master Plans and Facilities Designs(GAO); Web Attacks and Gaming Abuse (Akamai “State of Internet” Report); Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946-2018 (PRIO); AMBER Alert Field Guide for Law Enforcement Officers (DOJ); Encrypted Extremism Inside the English-Speaking Islamic State Ecosystem on Telegram (GWU); From Battlefront to Cyberspace: Demystifying the Islamic State’s Propaganda Machine (Combatting Terrorism Center, West Point); Overview: Building Strong Cybersecurity in the European Union (European Commission); The National Security of Climate Change: Statement For the Record by Peter Kiemel Counselor, National Intelligence Council, Office of the Director of National Intelligence (House Select Committee on Intelligence); Peace and Security in 2019: Overview of EU Action and Outlook for the Future (European Parliamentary Research Service); How can city governments protect themselves against ransomware attacks? (Brookings); and Principles of Intelligence Transparency for the Intelligence Community (DNI).

Bahrain: Unrest, Security, and U.S. Policy; Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations; North Macedonia: In Brief; The Federal Bureau of Investigation: Just the Facts; National Security Implications of Fifth Generation (5G) Mobile Technologies; U.S. Overseas Diplomatic Presence: Background and Issues for CongressCentral American Migration: Root Causes and U.S. Policy; and Maintaining Electric Reliability with Wind and Solar Sources: Background and Issues for Congress(all CRS).

 

 

 

 

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“Boroughitis” in Bergen County

This year 2019 will mark for many towns in Bergen County their 125th anniversary; that year saw many newly incorporated towns/villages being created. To read up on this, please consult this most informative research; this brief newspaper article summarizes the events.

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Climate Change is a Priority Health Issue

Against a background of soaring temperatures in northern Europe (100+ degrees), rainfall that has flooded parts of southern New Jersey, hail the size of golf balls in France, and in light of the upcoming UN Climate Action Summit, a number of United States medical /health groups have joined together to issue U.S. Call to Action on Climate, Health, and Equity: A Policy Action Agenda that states “Climate change is the ‘greatest public health challenge of the 21st century’.” This brief but cogent document outlines steps that must be taken to address this most pressing problem. Since climate change more adversely affects those already in dire straits, a social justice component in battling climate change is introduced.

 

 

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Anti-vaxxers Are Not Just Limited to the United States

The Wellcome Global Monitor 2018 report has just been released, and it reveals that many high-income countries, including the United States, have significant segments of the population that do not believe in the efficacy of vaccines, while conversely, low-income countries recognize the benefits of vaccines. In fact, “In France, one in three people disagree that vaccines are safe, the highest percentage for any country worldwide.”  (Consult Chapter 5 of the report) Voluminous country data is contained in the appendix.

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GAO Report On Restraint and Seclusion in Schools

This report – Education Should Take Immediate Action to Address Inaccuracies in Federal Restraint and Seclusion Data – echoes yesterday’s posting on educational equity in that this procedure “…disproportionately affects students with disabilities and boys in general.”(1) This brief report lists school districts with more than 100,000 students and the occurrences of restraint/seclusion. So many districts report zero instances that the GAO lists four recommendations to ameliorate the dismal reporting system.

 

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A Call for a National Plan To Measure Educational Equity

This report from the National Academies – Monitoring Educational Equity – calls for a nationwide system that “…can help convey why disparities arise, identify groups most affected by them, and inform policy and practice measures to improve equity in pre-K through 12th grade education.” (news release) Sixteen indicators are listed, many of which deal with student outcomes. This report traces developments from pre-k through 12 grade in an attempt to find out why the educational system fails so many of its students.

This document mirrors the 2018 UNESCO title – Handbook on Measuring Equity in Education –  that stated “Greater equity and inclusion in education cannot be achieved without increased efforts to collect and analyse data on the most excluded segments of the population.”(11)

 

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How Much Do Congressional Staffers Earn?

There are two reports recently issued from CRS: one for the House and one for the Senate. Titles range from press secretary to caseworker to scheduler; median salaries are given with comparisons to previous years included. Numerous tables add to the efficacy of these documents.

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